Parliamentary elections in Germany: what to expect from the main parties




On September 24 the Germans will choose the new Bundestag for the next four years. Delo.UA analyzed the programs of the main parties

 

Before the elections in Germany, there is less than a month left and the so-called “hot phase” is already in full swing: the parties conduct campaigns in the constituencies, the main contenders for the chancellor’s office held a televised debate, and the remaining candidates try to follow every word so as not to provoke a scandal. Running ahead, we will say that it is not for everyone.

Below you will find the basic information about all the parties, which today have the greatest chance to go to the Bundestag. As for the programs, for the sake of convenience we have identified the top topics for which each party is betting.

In addition, we deliberately raised questions about the European Union and relations with Ukraine in a separate bloc. After all, these topics, in comparison with local German affairs, will be of particular interest to our reader.
Which parties are going to the Bundestag and what do they write in their programs?

Block CDU / CSU: Christian Democratic Union of Germany and Christian-Social Union in Bavaria

The original name in German: Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands (CDU); Christlich-Soziale Union (CSU)

Chairman of the party: Angela Merkel (Angela Merkel) – CDU (CDU); Horst Seehofer (CSU)

Candidate for Chancellor from the party: Angela Merkel

The result of the party in the elections to the Bundestag in 2013: 41.5%

Forecast for the Bundestag elections in 2017: 38.8%

Program for the 2017 elections

“For Germany, where we live well and with pleasure” – with the slogan is the CDU / CSU for the elections to the Bundestag this year. The program of the block can be divided into four main themes:

Well-being. At the very beginning of the program it is said: “The majority of the inhabitants of our country live today as good as never before.” The main goal now is not only to help the remaining minority, but also to at least consolidate the sustainable development of the economy. Salaries should grow, and the unemployment rate continue to fall.
Security. “A strong state must protect its citizens” – under this phrase, CDU / CSU means an increase in the police force, the introduction of modern surveillance systems in potentially hazardous locations throughout the country, as well as investments in cybersecurity.
A family. The Angela Merkel party promises to increase the monetary allowance for the child and reduce the taxation for families with children.
Digitalization. To make the issue of innovations, including in the digital field central to their election campaign, is not quite a typical step for a conservative bloc. But it is in this way that the CDU / CSU is trying to meet the challenges of our time.

The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)

The original name in German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD)

Chairman and candidate for the post of Chancellor from the party: Martin Schulz (Martin Schulz)

The result of the party in the elections to the Bundestag in 2013: 25.7%

Forecast for the Bundestag elections in 2017: 24%

Program for the 2017 elections

The program of the German Social Democrats headed by Martin Schultz fully corresponds to their slogan: “Time for greater justice.” The main topics of the program include:

Job. Like true social democrats, the SPD party will fight for decent pay for all. In addition, they are confident that the work on short-term contracts takes people’s confidence in the future. Therefore, this type of employment should be abolished. Unemployment benefit after three months of job search and training – all this is in the program.
A family. Parents should have more time for their children, and this time should be guaranteed by the employer.
Education. Starting from a kindergarten and ending with a university – everything should be free and available to every family. Regardless of their income level.
Investments. According to the SPD, Germany should stop saving and start investing.

The Free Democratic Party (FDP)

The original name in German: Freie Demokratische Partei (FDP)

Chairman and candidate for the post of Chancellor from the party: Christian Lindner (Christian Lindner)

The result of the party in the elections to the Bundestag in 2013: 4.8% (did not go to parliament)

Forecast for the Bundestag elections in 2017: 9%

Program for the 2017 elections

After the free democrats did not pass in the past the convocation of the Bundestag, the main slogan in 2017, they chose the phrase “Let’s think in a new way.” Here are some areas for the FDP to rethink:

Education. The Party of Free Democrats plans to bring Germany into the top five world leaders in terms of funding for education. In addition, they insist on unified educational standards for all federal lands.
Digitalization. Two main accents in this direction: the establishment of the Ministry of Digitalization and the construction of a comprehensive fiber-optic network.
Economy. FDP insists on the abolition of the so-called “solidarity tax”. This tax is aimed at helping the federal states that previously belonged to the GDR. Free Democrats are sure that its cancellation will help to draw out about 30 billion euros for the needs of the middle class.
Security. One of the priorities in this direction is the increase in expenditures for the needs of the police and justice.

Left Party

Original name in German: Die Linke

The party’s chairman: Katja Kipping, Bernd Riexinger,

Candidate for Chancellor from the party: Sahra Wagenknecht, Dietmar Bartsch,

The result of the party in the elections to the Bundestag in 2013: 8.6%

Forecast for the Bundestag elections in 2017: 8.5%

Program for the 2017 elections

“Social justice, social security, disarmament and peace” – around these goals, the program of the Left Party in 2017 was built. Below about these topics a little more detailed:

Working conditions. The left party is in favor of raising the minimum wage to 12 euros per hour (now – 8.90 euros), as well as job creation on the condition of perpetual employment contracts.
Housing. The increase in the number of social apartments and the ban on speculation in residential real estate – so the “Left” want to make housing affordable.
Taxation. The rich should pay more taxes, and the poor – less.
Disarmament. The “Lefts” plan not only to prohibit the export of weapons, but also to achieve the withdrawal of German soldiers of the Bundeswehr performing a military mission abroad.

“Alternative for Germany” (AdG)

Original name in German: Alternative für Deutschland (AfD)

Chairman: Frauke Petry; Jörg Meuthen

Candidate for the post of Chancellor from the party: Alexander Gauland (Alexander Gauland), Alice Weidel (Alice Weidel)

The result of the party in the elections to the Bundestag in 2013: 4.7% (did not go to the Bundestag)

Forecast for the Bundestag elections in 2017: 8%

Program for the 2017 elections

A year ago, thanks to the crisis with refugees, the ultra-right party “Alternative for Germany” gained almost 15%. Despite the fact that the crisis is sort of over, anti-immigrant and Euroskeptic sentiments are the basis of the AdG program. That’s what they want:

Complete reform of the FRG. Here, Germany’s withdrawal from the European Union, and the introduction of nationwide referendums on the Swiss model, and direct presidential elections, and much more.
Migrants and refugees. “Alternative” direct text in its program refuses to help migrants and refugees: “Europe can not save all of Africa.” In addition, they want to tighten control on their own borders and ban dual citizenship.
A family. AdG promises to increase financial support for young families, so that they are not afraid to have children. But the family for this must be traditional: father and mother. No gay marriage.
Energy and climate. The guys from the party do not really believe in the problems with the climate and are in favor of Germany’s return to nuclear energy.

Party “Soyuz-90” / “The Greens”

Original name in German: Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen

Chairman: Jem Ozdemir (Cem Özdemir); Simone Peter

Candidate for the post of Chancellor from the party: Jem Ozdemir; Katrin Göring-Eckard

The result of the party in the elections to the Bundestag in 2013: 8.4%

Forecast for the Bundestag elections in 2017: 7.3%

Program for the 2017 elections

In recent years, the Soyuz-90 / Greens party has been accused of starting to concentrate less on a typical green policy, dispelling attention to other issues. In response to all critics, “Soyuz-90” / “Greens” presented a very “green” program. Below are its main points:

Environment. “Green” would not have been “green”, if this issue was not in the first place in their program. The main goal of Ozdemir and the company is a complete transition of Germany to renewable sources of energy until 2030.

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